Fishing and climate change top causes of coral reefs trouble. - 26 Feb 2011   
 
Fishing and climate change top causes of coral reefs trouble. - 26 Feb 2011  
Fishing and climate change top causes of coral reefs trouble.
A new report representing a three-year project led by US-based World Resources Institute warns that the world's coral reefs could be 95% gone by 2050 without urgent action to halt global warming, overfishing and other harms.

The report “Reefs at Risk Revisited,” representing a collaboration of more than 20 research and conservation organizations, examines in much greater detail the original “Reefs at Risk” report written in 1998. In the 13 years since the first study, the researchers have found that the reef area at risk of destruction has increased by nearly one-third, with one of its biggest threats to survival being exploitative fishing.

Especially damaging are fishing methods such as dynamite that cause widespread destruction, resulting in increasingly grave imbalances to coral reefs and their surrounding ecosystems. Other threats to the reefs are warming waters from climate change, which cause coral bleaching; ocean acidification from excessive carbon dioxide absorption, and contamination due to agricultural runoff.

With experts such as Dr. Jane Lubchenco , head of the US National Oceanic Atmospheric Agency, (NOAA) saying that the report reminds the public of the urgent need for the reefs' greater protection, lead author Lauretta Burke, a senior associate at WRI stated that a little effort can go a long way toward restoring local areas.

Finally, Dr. Mark Spalding, a senior marine scientist with The Nature Conservancy, cautioned against inaction, saying, “…If we don't learn from these successes, then I think that in 50 years' time, most reefs will be gone - just banks of eroding limestone, overgrown with algae and grazed by a small variety of small fish.”

Many thanks, World Resources Institute and all researchers involved in producing this detailed report showing how human actions could drive coral reefs to extinction. May we quickly change our actions to assist all the fragile yet vital marine ecosystems in being fully restored.

During a November 2008 interview with Ireland's East Coast Radio FM, Supreme Master Ching Hai spoke about the importance of the imperiled coral reefs as well as the way we could effectively save them.

Supreme Master Ching Hai: Now, the coral reefs are there for some reason. See, there are many factors that affect coral reefs, like coastal development, water pollution, changing sea water temperature because of global warming.

Some scientists predict that most of the coral reefs could disappear in the near future if global warming increases.

Coral reefs are just like the forest on land. They are the protectors of 100-plus countries' coastlines against storm surges and hurricanes. They are the protectors. And they are also the supporters of over 25% of all marine species.

We must protect a living and healthy sea, as it relates to our living and healthy self. The solution is vegetarian diet.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-12530439
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/feb/23/coral-reef-report-dying-danger
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/ipad/all-coral-reefs-extinct-by-2050/story-fn6s850w-1226011067921 http://www.france24.com/en/20110223-worlds-coral-reefs-risk-becoming-extinct-climate-change-pollution-environment
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-02-coral-network-asia-pac-fish-stocks.html

Extra News
US researchers forecast that climate change could increase shipping costs by billions of dollars each year as rising water temperatures cause the proliferation of sea barnacles and other marine life that attach by the tons to ship hulls, thus slowing the vessels and increasing fuel as well as cleaning requirements.
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/02/a-warming-world-could-add-billio.html?rss=1
http://www-bml.ucdavis.edu/facresearch/williams.html

 Scientists report in the journal Geology on a recently drilled geothermal well in Iceland that reached magma, which they say could provide a new source of sustainable geothermal power, with the potential to generate an estimated 25 megawatts of electricity compared to the 5 to 8 megawatts per typical geothermal well.
http://inhabitat.com/iceland-may-tap-liquid-magma-as-new-geothermal-energy-source/, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110216123545.htm,
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-02-magma-power-geothermal-energy.html,
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/39/3/231.abstract,

Officials on Malaysia's Borneo Island announce the cancellation of plans to build a coal-fired power plant, in consideration for the potential impact to endangered species such as orangutans and rhinos as well as to protect regional waters that are home to 75% of all known coral species.
http://www.france24.com/en/20110217-malaysia-drops-coal-power-plant-scheme-minister

Alternative energy companies, Makani Power and Joby Energy in California, USA are developing airborne wind turbines that can act as power-generating “kites,” one that is propelled by the stronger winds of higher altitudes and another that utilizes continuous coastal breezes.
http://www.happynews.com/news/2172011/kite-energy-may-soon-off.htm,
http://www.thebostonchannel.com/r-video/26897116/detail.html

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